Why do we see spots after a camera flash?

Feb 27, 2017  |  Great question from a young patient last week... "Why do I see spots after a bright light?"   To understand why, lets first talk about how the eye works.   When any light hits the back of the eye (retina) a chemical reaction occurs that converts the light energy into electrical/nerve energy that goes to the brain.  This reaction takes fuel that is constantly being produced by the eye and then used up - over and over again.   Under normal circumstances the fuel's speed-of-creation can keep up with the fuel's speed-of-use.  However, when the eye is presented with intense brightness like a camera flash (or eye exam!), the fuel is used up much faster than production.   Because there is no/low fuel after the flash, this flashed zone of the retina appears dark because there is no creation of the electrical/nervous energy until the fuel regenerates.    dr.j     Studioeyecare.com